On Sunday, Bosnians will take part in an election that is likely to keep the country as ethnically divided as it is today. The complex political system, which includes 14 parliaments and five presidents, perpetuates the lack of unity.
The country has two semi-autonomous regions – Republica Srpska, dominated by ethnic Serbs – and the Muslim-Croat Federation.
The most likely man to become president of the Serbian region is current prime minister, Milorad Dodik. He represents a nationalist party, has accused Sarajevo of alienating Serbs and is advocating an independent state.
It is being predicted that Muslim president, Haris Silajdzic, will fight off challengers and remain in his job. He is the most in favour of a more unified Bosnia.
The Croats want a similar kind of autonomy as the Serbs enjoy, and their presidential candidate, Borjana Kristo is leader of the largest Croat party.
One of the only shared aspects of Bosnian life is the army, which was unified five years ago. The country will have to come a long way towards better unity, before it can realise its EU membership ambitions.