He is back in the limelight with a barrage of public appearances, making key speeches and warning of nuclear war.
But Fidel Castro’s birthday has traditionally been a low-key affair. So, as the former Cuban President turned 84, it was down to the people to lead celebrations.
By and large, many have welcomed their comandante’s comeback, breaking four years of seclusion due to illness.
“We wish him a very happy birthday and may he celebrate many more,” said a young man on the streets of Havana.
“Happy birthday, lots of health. I hope you recuperate and that you are always with us,” a woman with him added.
Young people have been at the centre of festivities with concerts, choir recitals and cakes in honour of the revolutionary leader – all, of course, under strict state surveillance.