The international oil firm Trafigura has been fined a million euros by a Dutch court over its role in exporting toxic waste which ended up being dumped in Ivory Coast.
The pollution in 2006 was linked to the deaths of at least 15 people in a UN report published last year.
The Swiss-based company, along with one of its employees and the Ukrainian captain of the Probo Koala, were found guilty of breaching Dutch environment laws.
Naeem Ahmed, 43, was given a six-month suspended prison sentence and fined 25,000 euros.
The captain, Sergiy Chertov, 46, was given a five-month suspended sentence.
After a dispute in Amsterdam over costs, Trafigura hired a local African firm to dispose of the waste. It eventually ended up being dumped in waste disposal sites around Abidjan.
Soon afterwards local residents complained of illness, and their claims of a link to the cargo were later backed by the UN.
In an out-of-court settlement, the oil firm has already paid more than 38 million euros to people affected – and almost 125 million euros to Ivory Coast for a clear-up operation.