A failed war-time plot to kill Adolf Hitler has been commemorated at a ceremony in Berlin.
Operation Valkyrie was hatched by disillusioned army officers who knew the Nazis would bring Germany to ruin.
Many of them were appalled by the atrocities they had witnessed on the eastern front and were determined to bring an end to the Third Reich.
German Defence Minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg said: “This ceremony reminds us that peace, freedom, democracy and constitutional legacy can not be seen as more or less, cultivated gurantees. They have to be defended and argued for actively.”
Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg led the coup plot. He and other co-conspirators were summarily executed after a bomb, planted by Stauffenberg at Hitler’s field headquarters in east Prussia went off, but failed to kill the Nazi leader.
The 66th anniversary of the failed assassination bid comes at a time when historians are attempting to disinter remains known to be buried in a cemetery in the Wilmersdorf district of Berlin and believed to be those of Stauffenberg and his fellow plotters.