It is the first national election in the eurozone since the continent was gripped by the crisis in its common currency.
Unsurprisingly, economic issues have dominated the public debate, with polls showing Liberal Party leader Mark Rutte likely to come out on top.
The 43-year-old is pushing for steep budget cuts, a smaller government, halving the country’s contributions to the EU and cutting benefits for immigrants.
The appointment of the Mayor of Amsterdam Job Cohen as leader of the Labour Party has eaten into early gains made by anti-immigration politician Geert Wilders and his Freedom Party.
But the election is a tight race – any coalition would need more than 75 seats in the 150-seat chamber to pass laws.