The unprecedented closure of huge swathes European airspace has resulted in millions of passengers being stranded, with no clear indication when normal services will resume.
In Madrid travellers remained stoical despite the frustration and expense.
It is game of wait and see for passengers:
“We are on our way to Paris, but sadly our flight has been cancelled,” said one:
“I want to fly back to London, but there’s no flight so I’ll have stay at least a week, said another.”
The knock-on effects of the flight cancellations mean people en route to areas seemingly unaffected by the volcanic ash are also grounded.
As it is unknown when planes will take to the skies again the authorities are advising people not to travel to airports and to remain in contact with the carriers for the latest information.