The son of a Second World War resistance hero Lech Kaczynski portrayed himself as a man of the people.
Often a controversial figure on the world stage, his right-of-centre approach to politics appealed to many Poles.
His populist policies earned him a reputation as a politician prepared to take tough decisions.
As mayor of Warsaw he declared war on corruption, banned gay marches and backed the reintroduction of the death penalty.
A candidate of the Law and Justice party he was elected President of Poland in 2005.
At his inauguration he stated several goals he would pursue during his presidency. Among those concerning internal affairs were; increasing social solidarity in Poland, bringing justice to those who were responsible or affected by communist crimes in the People’s Republic of Poland, fighting corruption, providing security in economy, and safety for development of family.
Kaczyński also stated that he would seek to abolish differences between regions.
In his speech he also put emphasis on combining modernisation with tradition and remembering the teachings of Pope John Paul II.