Reports in Uzbekistan say 12 medical staff have been jailed for negligence after 150 children were infected with HIV.
The Ferghana news website, which broke the original story, said at least 14 of the victims in the eastern city of Namangan had died. Prosecutors say medics failed to follow sanitary rules.
Ferghana uncovered the use of unsterilised syringes and drips while making a documentary in 2007. But the footage was never broadcast in a country where media censorship is rife.
HIV, the infection that causes AIDS, is a taboo subject in predominantly Muslim Uzbekistan. The UN says the Central Asian country has one of the world’s fastest-rising infection rates. Some 16,000 cases of HIV were reported in 2009. In 2001, 1,400 cases were recorded.