Sixty-five years ago to the day, the Soviet Red Army marched into Auschwitz, bringing liberation to the remaining prisoners there.
For more than a million people, most of them Jews, the soldiers’ arrival at the Nazis’ biggest death camp in southern Poland was too late.
Political prisoners were also sent there, so were Romas, the disabled and homosexuals and along with Jewish prisoners were systematically murdered.
Auschwitz was a monstrous death machine, where the Nazis used science to achieve their aim of wiping out Jews in Europe. In the gas chambers, Zyklon B was first used for mass killing in 1941.
According to the Auschwitz museum more than 230,000 children perished in the camp. Again the majority of them were Jewish, but significant numbers of Roma, Polish, Russian and other eastern European populations were also murdered there.