They know the horrors of Auschwitz first hand.
Back in Poland on International Holocaust Memorial Day, survivor Alberto Israel has met two former Soviet troops who helped liberate the death camp.
With the number the Nazis marked on his arm still showing, Alberto also bears the emotional scars of his ordeal.
“It was 65 years ago. It will only end when we die,” he told euronews. “None of us have really had a life. We have only survived. The memory of having left them behind…. It is not easy.”
Originally from Italy, now living in Israel, Alberto has returned to Poland, joining other survivors, world statesmen, religious leaders, students and others at a special memorial event.
“‘Keeping the memory alive.’ With that guiding principle, the third International Holocaust Forum has opened in Krakow,” said euronews reporter Michele Carlino, present at the event. “It is an initiative of the World Jewish Congress to mark Holocaust Memorial Day.”
An exhibition at the Krakow forum is part of efforts to ensure that what Nazi Germany did will never be forgotten, along with its victims. At least 6 million Jews perished in the Holocaust.