The European space industry is celebrating the 30th anniversary of the first launch of the Ariane rocket.
On Christmas Eve, 1979, Europe finally got its own launcher to develop a space programme. One of the aims was to become a world leader in the launching of satellites. Since then about 190 Ariane rockets of all classes have been launched, with a high success rate.
Frederic D’Allest, who was the director of launchers in 1979, said: “We were very lucky to have been there during that time. Everything had to be created, an entire launcher had to be made from scratch. Often with these launchers it was a succession of improvements of the different stages. Everything had to be done from scratch. We then had to invent a marketing tool, the double launch policy; we had to invent a whole series of things that were really exciting.”
Ariane is launched from the European spaceport in French Guinana. This position near the Equator is said to be ideal for launching rockets as less energy is needed to put heavy payloads into orbit from here, compared to other latitudes. After Ariane 1 came Ariane 2, 3, 4 and 5, with improved engines and bigger payload capacities.
Jean-Pierre Morin, a former deputy director at the Guiana Space Centre, said: “Ariane has a reputation for reliability. Nine failures out of some 190 launches. I’ll leave it to you to do the sums. More than 19 out of 20. Yes, it’s a great score.”
Ariane is the result of teamwork among thousands of experts, including workers from the European Space Agency and its member nations, the French national space agency, and Arianspace, the commercial operator of the launch system. A new generation Ariane 6 is already on the drawing board, expected to come into service by about 2025.
Copyright © 2014 euronewsMore about:
- 1Heartbroken dog waits in vain for its dead owner in Russia
- 2Kim Jong-un hands high ranking Pyongyang position to his younger sister
- 3Which countries in Europe cause the most air pollution damage?
- 4Watch: Passengers ‘push-start’ frozen plane in Siberia
- 5Italy: Tourist fined 20,000 euros for damaging Rome’s Colosseum
- 1Watch: Passengers ‘push-start’ frozen plane in Siberia
- 2Putin denies he wants to create a new Iron Curtain
- 3Turkish President sparks row by saying women are not equal to men
- 4Clashes as Hong Kong protesters try to regain lost ground
- 5Irony as organised crime prosecutor arrested for corruption in Romania
- 1euronews live TV - News | euronews : the latest international news as video on demand
- 2Sweden becomes first EU country to recognise the Palestinian State | euronews, world news
- 3Italy swamped by flash floods | euronews, world news
- 4Back to School for Romania’s new First Lady | euronews, world news
- 5What will you ask US Senator John McCain? | euronews, world news
- 6Watch: Passengers ‘push-start’ frozen plane in Siberia | euronews, world news
- 7Turkish president Erdogan unveils his new palace of a thousand rooms | euronews, world news
- 8India PM Modi appoints Yoga minister | euronews, world news
- 9Vladimir Putin most powerful man in the world – Forbes | euronews, world news
- 10[Live] Rosetta’s Philae lands on comet 67P and enters the history books | euronews, world news
- 11European e-revolution people rise up | euronews, world news
- 12International tv news | euronews: European and International tv news bulletin
- 13Where is the best place in Europe for women? | euronews, world news
- 14Irony as organised crime prosecutor arrested for corruption in Romania | euronews, world news
- 15Obama’s ‘risky’ immigration gamble | euronews, world news
- 16Nadia Comaneci: gymnast of perfection and defector | euronews, the global conversation
- 17Putin plans to leave G20 talks early amid Ukraine pressure | euronews, world news
- 18Transcript of hanged Iranian woman’s final message released | euronews, world news
- 19International breaking news | euronews online world breaking news in video
- 20euronews apps : iPhone, iPad, Android, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8, Nokia S40, Nokia Asha, Smart TV and Google Glass
Wires > News
- 03:24 CET North Korea’s ‘princess’ moves closer to centre of power
- 23:37 CET Ivory Coast seizes two Chinese trawlers in fishing dispute
- 23:10 CET Argentina charges HSBC with aiding tax evasion via Swiss accounts
- 23:04 CET Pope to urge tolerance in Turkey visit as Middle East wars rage
- 23:01 CET EU’s Juncker survives no-confidence vote over tax deals
- 22:17 CET France warns African leaders against trying to keep power
- 22:04 CET Taliban kill five in Kabul in attacks on British embassy car…
- 22:03 CET Can man-of-the-people Widodo micromanage 240 million Indonesians?