With or without his presence in court, according to the 40 page indictment, Radovan Karadzic was one of the authors of a plan to ‘permanently remove’ Bosnian Muslims from Bosnian Serb-claimed territory. His military commander General Ratko Mladic is still at large.
The document also details two counts of genocide including the massacre of around 8,000 Muslim men and boys at Srebrenica.
It was after UN peacekeepers left, allowing the Bosnian Serb militia into the area, that the victims were separated from the women and girls who were bussed away, forced to leave husbands and sons behind.
Karadzic’s alleged ‘Crimes against Humanity’ include what became known as ‘ethnic cleansing’ and the setting up of concentration camps where inmates were starved.
Between 1992-95, Karadzic is accused with others of implementing a strategy that used sniping and shelling to kill and maim the people of Sarajevo in a 43-month siege.
More than 300 hours have been set aside for the prosecution to present its case. Karadzic denies all the charges against him.