Leatherback turtles are disappearing fast and face extinction despite international efforts to save them. Turtle egg poaching, hunting for meat and the use of illegal fishing methods all contribute to the problem.Scientists estimate that there are fewer than 5,000 nesting Leatherback turtles in the Pacific Ocean today, a drop of 95% since 1980. Incidental fishing, especially for shrimp is the major threat to the Leatherback turtles, which can grow as large as 2 metres long. Turtles’ extensive migration patterns across the world’s oceans make international efforts critical to conservation. Leatherback turtles have lived on this planet for nearly 120 million years but now human activity is about to wipe them off the face of the earth.