Nobel Prize winning author Alexander Solzhenitsyn,
who wrote about life in Soviet slave labour camps, and spent 20 years in exile, has died at the age of 89.
One news agency said he had suffered a stroke. His son was quoted as saying he died of heart failure at his home in Moscow.
Solzhenitsyn served as an officer with the Red Army in World War Two, but was arrested for criticising Joseph Stalin in a letter.
He spent the next eight years in a labour camp or gulag, before being sent into internal exile, where he was treated for stomach cancer.
His experiences fuelled a novel, “One day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich,” about life in a Siberian camp, which sparked years of KGB harassment.
His major works, including “The First Circle” and “Cancer Ward” brought him the 1970 Nobel prize.
But he could only accept it three years later, after he was exiled from Russia.
He was stripped of his citizenship after the publication of his novel, “The Gulag Archipelago” which described the years of Stalinist terror using thousands of details and individual cases.
Solzhenitsyn lived in the US for 18 years, before making a triumphant return home to Russia in 1994, after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
But his nationalist views, disdain for capitalism and disgust with Russian oligarchs were unfashionable and he faded from public view.
Solzhenitsyn’s vision of Russia as a place with a unique culture and destiny, gained renewed prominence during Vladimir Putin’s presidency.
In June last year, he was awarded the State Prize, Russia’s highest honour and Putin praised his devotion to the “fatherland”.
Solzhenitsyn will be remembered for his works which inspire people in the fight for human dignity and the right to hold unpopular views.
He is survived by his wife and three sons.
- 1Five children among a dozen migrants to drown off Turkish coast
- 2New coin issued to mark Queen’s record reign
- 3Thousands stuck in Budapest as Hungary refuses to allow migrants to travel
- 4Schengen recoil could turn EU travel back 20 years
- 5Eurostar suffers severe delays as migrants attempt to block Channel Tunnel
- 1euronews live TV - News | euronews : the latest international news as video on demand
- 2International breaking news | euronews online world breaking news in video
- 3Caught red-handed: the Russian Major fighting in Ukraine
- 4Video footage shows massive explosion in Tianjin, China
- 5Ukraine puts top Russian general Gerasimov on ‘most wanted’ list
- 6Why World Elephant Day matters
- 7Momentum for Mars: Astronauts say mission is inevitable
- 8Latest News Bulletin
- 9Who came out top in the US Republican television debate?
- 10UK: at least 7 dead after plane crashes into road in Brighton
- 11Snowden, Assange and Manning statues unveiled in Berlin
- 12Virginia:TV journalist and cameraman shot dead live on air
- 13ISIL militant group claims to have killed Croatian hostage in Egypt
- 14Earth Overshoot Day…Pushing Mother Nature too far
- 15Windows 10, three weeks on: the good, the bad and the ugly
- 16Bringing the trolls out of the dark: Russian ‘troll’ awarded 1 rouble damages
- 17As ‘Daily Show’ Jon Stewart’s tenure ends, scholars say goodbye to their research topic
- 18European Union News | euronews: latest breaking news and headlines about European Union
- 19International news | euronews, latest international news
- 20Scientists find sinkhole cave under Mexico’s Kukulkan Castle Pyramid
Latest world news
Father of Syrian boy washed up on Turkish beach recalls boat horror
Turkey calls on nations to be more sensitive to the refugee crisis
MH370: experts now certain wing section is from missing plane
Czech police marking refugees directly on their skin
Serbia PM demands EU finds solution to migrant crisis
Wires > News
- 20:16 CET Iran’s Khamenei backs parliamentary vote on nuclear deal with…
- 19:51 CET Hungary police force migrants from train tracks; dead boy’s image…
- 19:05 CET Greek leftists put on brave face as poll shows conservatives…
- 18:48 CET U.N. to set up inspection regime to ease Yemen humanitarian plight
- 18:43 CET Father of drowned Syrian toddlers prepares to take bodies home
- 18:41 CET Guatemala’s president quits, faces charges in graft scandal
- 18:37 CET Double suicide bombing in north Cameroon kills 19, wounds 143
- 17:51 CET France offers new farm aid as 1,500 tractors hit Paris streets