The state of the Netherlands is on trial at the war crimes tribunal in The Hague, accused of doing nothing to prevent the massacre of Bosnian Muslims at Srebrenica 13 years ago.
The town was declared a UN safe haven as war raged in 1995, and it was guarded by Dutch troops. Thousands of Muslim refugees flocked there seeking safety as Serb forces advanced. Over-whelmed by the Serbs, the Dutch could do nothing as Srebrenica fell, and more than 8,000 men and boys were separated from their women, taken away and murdered.
Two survivors have now launched legal action, accusing the Dutch of allowing the Serbs to kill their relatives. The Netherlands says its troops were effectively abandoned by the UN, which offered no air support as the Serbs closed in.