Turks are today celebrating their national day with patriotic fervour heightened by calls for military action against Kurdish separatists. Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and President Abdullah Gul placed a wreath at the tomb of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of Turkey.
It was on October 29, 1923 that the Republic was proclaimed, the successor to 623 years of the Ottoman Empire. Ataturk, a distinguished army commander, introduced radical reforms and his principles have been staunchly defended ever since by a powerful military.
Around a million uniformed personnel make up an army that is the second largest in NATO and the ninth largest in the world. A national day parade provided Turkey with a chance to remind the world of its military might.