Serbia could today become the first country ever to be found guilty of committing genocide. The World Court in the Hague is expected to deliver a verdict in a landmark case brought by Bosnia over the mass killings that ravaged the country during the 1992-95 war. If the International Court of Justice rules against Serbia, the decision could allow Bosnia the right to seek billions of euros of compensation from its Balkan neighbour.
Political commentator, Dejan Anastasijevic, believes a guilty verdict will not only have massive financial consequences for Serbia: “It would set a legal precedent and damage Serbia’s position in all international relations, not only with Bosnia but practically in all disputed issues.”
But political analyst, Jakob Finci, believes that the case itself is going to cause more divisions and problems within Bosnia:
“Whatever the verdict, I’m afraid it will not have a really positive consequence, not only because of dissatisfaction of one side but also because of the internal tensions in Bosnia and Herzegovina.”
Last year, a Serbian human rights activist made public a video allegedly showing the execution of six Muslim men by Serbian forces near Srbrenica. The UN war crimes tribunal has already determined that the 1995 Serb massacre of 8,000 Muslims was genocide and has found individuals guilty. But the Bosnian Serb wartime leader, Radovan Karadzic and his military commander, Ratko Mladic remain in hiding.