They have signed up to a power-sharing agreement in principle, now Palestinian leaders are thrashing out the details. The deal, struck at a summit in Saudi Arabia, outlines the division of cabinet posts and commits both the Fatah and Hamas groups to respecting previous peace accords with Israel.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas of Fatah described it as “a new era”, that would “put an end to the suffering of our people.”
The Hamas Prime Minister, Ismail Haniyeh, said they had entered into a “solemn engagement” to make the agreement work. The two factions have been locked in a bitter power struggle since Hamas won parliamentary elections last year. It has come to a head in recent weeks with dozens killed in an upsurge of violence.
The summit is seen as a last ditch attempt to prevent Palestinians falling into all-out civil war. If the deal gets international backing it will help restart wider peace talks with Israel.