Spanish labour unions are calling for their government to join others in placing limits against a possible inflow of Bulgarians and Romanians when they join the EU in January. Spain, Italy and Greece already have sizeable communities from the newcomers, both with resident status and not.
Britain and Ireland have announced they will put brakes on their job markets for these people. The Netherlands, Austria, Germany and Denmark are also expected to. Poland and five smaller EU members say will open theirs. Lithuania and Sweden also show a fair possibility.
Under the accession treaty, the 25 EU members are allowed to protect their job markets against a possible influx of workers from the two new states for up to seven years. Polish media report many Poles have left their country for better prospects in Western Europe. Economists say shortages in some countries could be filled by workers from Bulgaria and Romania. They are both economically much poorer than the 10 mainly ex-communist countries that joined the bloc in 2004.