Ceremonies are being held to mark the end of the Vietnam war, on April 30 1975.
That is when Saigon fell to communist North Vietnamese forces, who had been battling the US-backed regime in the south. Soon afterwards, Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City. It has become the focal point for celebrations on what is known as Liberation Day in Vietnam.
Although many Vietnamese were born after the fighting ended, the festivities still serve as a proud moment for them.
Amid surging economic growth, there is optimism about the future.
But the people of Vietnam are not about to forget the events of three decades ago – a victory described by their Prime Minister Phan Van Khai as “forever written in our nation’s history.”