The United Nations war crime tribunal for the former Yugoslavia has issued its last indictment after more than a decade of existence. Based in The Hague, it is the first international body for the prosecution of war crimes since the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials. More than 50 accused remain in detention there including former Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic. Judgements have been rendered against more than 55accused. Five have been acquitted.
The UN court is due to wrap up investigations by 2008 and to close by the end of 2010, although several suspects remain at large. They include former Bosnian Serb wartime leader Radovan Karadzic and his military chief Ratko Mladic.
They are held responsible for the 1995 massacre of nearly 8,000 Bosnian Muslim men in the UN safe haven of Srebrenica. Earlier this year, two other former Bosnian Serb officers were convicted for their role in the massacre. The final indictment was pronounced against Macedonia’s former interior minister and a former senior police officer, charged with three counts each including murder and violations of the customs of war.