The European Parliament has held a minute’s silence to mark the first anniversary since the Madrid train bombings, in which 191 people were killed.But after the solemn ceremony, the president of the assembly, Josep Borrell, said EU governments had failed to live up to their promises of joint action against terrorism. He said many things agreed in the heat of the moment had not been seen through. “Several of the measures agreed by the action plan against terrorism that the Council adopted after March 11 have not yet been put into place. “We must remind ourselves that in order to fight against terrorism we need more than Europe because we are aware that the traditional forms of police and judicial cooperation are not enough,” he said. Italy has still not implemented a European arrest warrant agreed after the September 11 attacks in the United States. Director of the European Centre for Strategic Information and Security, Claude Moniquet said there is no time to waste: “The threat is immediate and it’s necessary that we respond to it immediately. “I think that Europe’s role could and should be more a role of judicial encouragement – pushing and obliging the states if necessary to, for example, introduce anti-terrorism laws because not all the states have them today, coordinating their legal measures – the application, for example, of a European arrest warrant. There are things on which Europe is effective and can play a role but I don’t think that Europe is able today to have the capacity to create to create an intergrated information service.” The arrest warrant allows EU member states to fast track extraditions of serious crime suspects. According to the Commission, it has had a positive impact but the Czech Republic, Luxembourg and Slovenia are not executing it properly.