There may be talk of a new peace initiative in the Middle East but an intensification of violence is dominating the agenda. Eight Palestinians have been killed and two Israelis injured in the latest bloodshed.A seven year old Israeli boy was wounded when a mortar bomb exploded in the Netzarim settlement in Gaza wile a rocket strike on the Israeli town of Sderot left a woman in critical condition. There has been an upsurge in attacks by Palestinians and Israeli reprisals since the presidential election victory of Mahmoud Abbas. Gaza remains the main battleground. Of the eight people killed by Israeli forces here three were said to be militants. At a border post in southern Gaza two Palestinians died and ten others were wounded by Israeli tank and machine gun fire. The circumstances of the incident remain unclaer. Four of the injured were children.