With this election many Palestinians see themselves at a crossroads. The death of Yasser Arafat brought the curtain down on one era and there are mixed hopes and fears for the new one.
They wonder if it will it bring stability and economic growth or more conflict and chaos
“For myself, I ask for one thing – anything that is a positive change for this society is acceptable,” said one man in Gaza.
It is clear that a lot will be expected of the eventual winner.
“I hope he’ll bear the responsibility of office and compensate all the Palestinian people for all their suffering,” said another man on the streets of Gaza.
The Palestinian territories current troubles form an inescapable backdrop to this vote.
A school in Khan Younis in Gaza which will be a polling station bears the scars of almost daily battles.
It is frequently caught in the crossfire between Palestinian militants and Israeli forces.
Some staff have even expressed the fear that it could be targeted in a raid during polling.
But it is in places such as this, where Palestinians will be voting for a new future, that the first steps towards change may be taken.